Kailash Trekking (Mt. Kailash, 6,740 m) is situated to the north of the Himalayan barrier, wholly within Tibet. It is the perfect mountain with awesome beauty, with 4 great faces. It is the spiritual centre for four great religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Hinduism, the Jain religion and the pre-Buddhist animistic religion - Bonpo. To Tibetans it is known as Khang Rimpoche (Precious Jewel of Snow) and they see it as the navel of the world. It is said that a stream from the mountain pours into a nearby lake and from here rivers flow in the four cardinal directions. The River of the Lion Mouth to the North, the River of the Horse Mouth to the east, the River of the Peacock Mouth to the south and the River of the Elephant Mouth to the West. Strangely enough, four major rivers do indeed originate near Kailash, the Indus, the Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), the Karnali and the Sutlej. Tibetans believe that it is the residence of Demchog, a fierce looking tantric deity who lives there with his consort, Dorje Phagmo. For the Tibetans also, it is a particularly special place in that their poet saint Milarepa, spent several years here meditating in a cave. For the Hindus Mount Kailash is the earthly manifestation of Mt. Meru, their spiritual centre of the universe, described as a fantastic 'world pillar' 84,000 miles high, around which all else revolves, its roots in the lowest hell and its summit kissing the heavens. On the top live their most revered God, Shiva, and his consort Parvati. For the Jains, an Indian religious group, Kailash is the site where their first prophet achieved enlightenment. For the older, more ancient religion of Bon, it is the site where its founder Shanrab is said to have descended from heaven. It was formerly the spiritual centre of Zhang Zung, the ancient Bon Empire that once included all of western Tibet. Bon people walk around the mountain in a counter clockwise manner, unlike the other religions. Over the centuries pilgrims have constantly journeyed immense distances to achieve enlightenment or cleanse themselves of sin, braving enormous distances, particularly harsh weather and bandit attacks. Although main focus of this trek is Mount Kailash in Tibet, the journey through Nepal's border with Tibet at Zhangmu, Saga and Paryang to Darchen is culturally and scenically rewarding.
Mapam yamco is a holy Lake called "mother of the world's river" in Buddhist classis, which enjoys the same reputation as the holy mountain kangrinboque.it is 4588 meters above sea level, covering 412 square kilometers with the water as deep as 70 meters. The sacred Lake is like a sapphire glittering with charming colors in the sun. In the rainy season, floks of the swans migrate here, making the lake even more vivid. The water comes from the melted snow of Gangdise Range. It is so clear that fish 10 meters below the surface can be seen. The lake is sacred because it has been mentioned in many religious classics or legends. According to Indian legends, it is the place where God Siva and his wife Goddesswuma, daughter of Himalayas took baths. In the ancient Barbara & Lila swiming in Manasarovar Lake photo by GerdTibetan story, it is described as the place where the God of wealth lives.mapan yumco means eternal jade blow lake in Tibetan which is said to have commemorated the victory of Buddhism over the local Bongboim in 11th century master monk of the Tang Dynasty xuanzang called it "yaochi (a faryland in Chinese myths) in the west" in his work" pilgrimage to the west of Tang dynasty".
Standing around the Lake are eight temples of which is the most famous are the Jiwu and chugu.The area around the chugu Temple is regarded as the most sarred bathing center. besides, there are four bathing gates around the lake. The lotus bathing gate in the east, the fragrant in the south, the dirt-cleansing in the west, and the belief in the north. Buddhists believe the sacred water here can clean human souls of the five evils (greed, temperament infatuation laziness and prejudice) and wash away all the dirt on the body and skin. So, people coming here would have a bath or take some water back from the lake as gift for the friends and relatives. West of the lake are the sources of the four rivers: the Damqog zangbo in the east, the sengge zangbo in the north, the langqen zangbo in the west and Konqi River in the south. Named after the four divine animals in the heaven: the horse, lion, elephant and peaccock, the four rivers are the sources of Ganges, the Indas, the Sutlej and the yarlung Zangbo River in south Asia respectively. Hence the reputation"mothyer of the world's rivers."